Human history is teeming with migration movements, yet there have been no serious attempts to create a document or instrument that regulates migration and enshrines rights of migrants all over the world.
On 10th of December 2018, United Nations held intergovernmental conference in Marrakesh, Morocco, and adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration a first of its kind instrument that address migration dimensions and have created a turmoil among and in states.
This document is based on various efforts and inputs in line with United Nations 2030 agenda for sustainable developments and build upon the New York Declaration for refugees and Migrations.
Although this instrument is a non-legally binding, it has adopted and acknowledge positive aspects of migration in human experience. it has also set comprehensive approach to help states organize and facilitate safe and orderly migrations.
the Global Compact is not a legally binding instrument and doesn’t instate obligation on states regarding number of migrants or refugees they receive\accept but it aims mainly to increase collaboration among states and other actors to improve conditions and process of migration in local societies in way that enhance migrants experience and accelerate their integration process in their new societies. A main added value of this instrument is that it considers migration a positive experience that enrich societies and help it prosper.
The voluntarily nature of this global compact didn’t help create a consensus in international community towards it. populism and rise of populism made states more reluctant to the global compact and spread fears and concerns of refugees’ decampment. US, UK, Italy Slovakia, Estonia and several other states have receded from the global compact ahead to the conference in Marrakesh, 10th of December 2018 which has been described as U-Turns on Global compact by Ms. Louise Arbour, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for International Migration.